As the industrial development of countries grows and our population rises, waste disposal management continues to be a growing challenge. Many centuries ago, people simply collected the trash from their homes, and then transported and dumped it in some place far away from their city or village. Today, there is no such thing as open dumping. Instead, the trash is collected by professionals, transported to landfills and then buried. Of course, as the industries and technology become more developed, the processes of waste disposal have also become more sophisticated and nature-friendly. Instead of burying the waste in landfills, we use more sophisticated methods, such as ocean dumping, gasification, composting, incineration, and recycling to get rid of waste. Let’s take a closer look at some of the primary methods of waste management in Gaithersburg.
Although this is a rather traditional method of waste management, using a landfill is still the most practiced way of getting rid of garbage in most countries and areas of the world. Abandoned or old quarries and mining areas are most often used as landfills. Landfills are still considered the most cost-efficient way to dispose of waste. Statistical research shows that 80% of the cost of implementation can be attributed to the collection and transportation of waste from residential and businesses properties. The collected waste is speeded in thin layers and then compacted. Then, the compacted trash is covered with a layer of earth. More and more layers are added over time.
Incineration can also be considered a traditional method of waste management. This method involves thermal treatment of waste, and it can be used to transform waste into ash or heat, gas, and steam. The benefits of using incineration to get rid of waste are that the volume of the garbage is significantly reduced, therefore requiring little usage of land. However, burning should be used only by waste management professionals. Incineration is conducted in special incineration facilities that are often built on small areas outside of the town. Even though these facilities are located in small areas, they can process enormous amounts of waste. This method is popular in smaller or overcrowded countries that have limited space, such as Japan and China.
Recycling is the most nature-friendly method of waste management because it actually doesn’t involve waste disposal. Recycling of waste material consists of taking the materials and transforming them into new products. The fundamental concept of contemporary waste minimization philosophy is about lessening the strain on the environment through minimizing the need to adequately dispose of the generated garbage. Waste management methods such as landfills and incineration are not eco-friendly because they cause land and air pollution. So-called “wild” landfills can even cause water pollution.
The philosophy of recycling also includes reducing the need utilize raw materials, introduce them into the environment and disposing of them later. That is why we separate glass bottles, paper and plastic products and soda cans into different dumpsters. If we want to make our planet a better place for the future generations, then we have to accept and support this eco-friendly initiative as the only right way to dispose of waste.